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Proudly Australian    /    Ethical Choice    /    Bigger and Better Rocks    /    Real Diamonds


Since the late 1800s, scientists from all over the world have been attempting to reproduce diamonds in laboratories. It wasn’t possible until 1955 that General Electrics found a way to produce the first diamond. However, those diamonds were small with poor quality. It wasn’t until only a few years ago that technology reached a point capable of producing larger diamonds that had the high quality of a gem.

A mined diamond is created through the same method using heat and pressure as a lab grown diamond. Nature just happens to do it naturally over a much longer period of time.

Both mined and Lab grown diamonds are real, sharing the exact same chemical composition, molecular structure, and physical and optical properties - something that cannot be said for any form of diamond simulant or imitation. Diamonds are solid forms of pure carbon. Solid carbon can occur in different forms depending on their type of chemical bond. These are known as allotropes. Diamonds are allotropic where the atoms are arranged in a crystalline form. They are the only gems made up of a single element; typically about 99.95% carbon. The other 0.05% may include trace elements, atoms that are not integral to nor a part of the essential chemistry of a diamond. These trace elements (e.g. boron, nitrogen) as well as other natural occurrences such as radiation exposure, can influence the shape or colour of a diamond. This applies to both mined and Lab grown diamonds.

Here’s the most jaw-dropping difference between Lab grown diamonds and mined ones. Lab grown diamonds cost about 75% less than mined diamonds. And it’s not due to the quality. The price difference is due to the healthy competition found in Lab grown diamonds and the unhealthy monopolies that have occurred with mined diamonds. So while the stone can have the same quality, the cost for the consumer is massive. For example, to show the figures plainly, if a mined diamond were to cost $10,000, a Lab grown diamond of equal characteristics will cost around $2,500.
Here is a valuable difference worth remembering. While a Lab grown diamond can always be traced back to the lab it was created in, the harsh reality of a mined diamond is quite the contrary. For all the times you might hear a diamond company drop such reassuring terms as “clean origin” or “conflict free”, the true origins of a mined diamond can never really be known with any degree of certainty. Truth be told, these words are nothing more than savvy marketing terms, as an earth-mined diamond (from the time it’s mined to its final sale) is estimated to have changed hands around 30-40 times.
Both lab grown and mined diamonds are graded using the exact same grading system. This is commonly known as the 4Cs - Colour, Clarity, Cut, and Carat. This grading system was first created by Robert M. Shipley, founder of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). This process is now the universal grading system used for all diamonds, regardless if they are lab created or mined from the ground.
When it comes to certification, there is no difference. Both types of diamonds can be graded and certified by any laboratory. The certificate of a lab created diamond will contain an indication of it such as “Laboratory-grown”, “Laboratory-created”, to differentiate them from mined diamonds.

In our opinion, this is the debate that results in the most fundamental and valuable difference between Lab grown and mined diamonds - Ethical versus Unethical. It is the reason why we stay away from mined diamonds and purely focus on the lab grown ones.

Unfortunately, it is well known the harm the diamond mining industry has on people as well as the environment. Countless lives are lost in the process of extracting a conflict diamond out of the ground. This affects both the people mining and also their children, families, and the wider community. Whether tainted by conflict or not, for any mined stone to come up and reach the surface, an unbelievable amount of earth must be moved. Want a rough idea of that amount? How do 250 tonnes of dirt/ore per 1 carat of gem-quality diamond sound? There are literally mountains moved for a single small stone.

The ghastly process of blowing up all this earth and so much dirt/ore being displaced, also means a reckless and huge amount of carbon emission being released. It means irresponsible pollution to the atmosphere and our fragile ecosystems (lakes, aquamarine life, air pollution, etc). And it means unforgivable contamination of drinking water sources in some of the most vulnerable places on earth. So when it comes to the debate of Ethical versus Unethical, we take our stand very seriously.

From Rough to Retail, there is no difference between lab grown diamonds and mined ones! Rough to Retail is how we refer to the life of a diamond from the time a mined diamond has been unearthed OR a Lab grown diamond has been produced (as a rough stone) up until the moment it hits the market and is sold to the end consumer. This process and all costs involved are exactly the same. Rough diamonds of either origin (Lab grown or mined) are Sorted, Cut, Polished, Graded and attain Certification in exactly the same way.

It is worth noting, however, that on average, man made diamonds are produced in a more ideal/excellent manner than mined diamonds regarding their cut grade. This is because mined diamonds are usually shaped/cut to maximise their weight as much as possible. On the other hand, since a grown diamond already naturally grows in a more ideal shape for cutting down into a gem, it will be cut with the sole intention of producing the most ideal cut and on average, will result in stones of a superior cut grade.